Despite the decreased survival associated with diabetes with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and the overall low survival to hospital discharge, we would like to present two cases of OHCA in diabetics who despite prolonged resuscitation efforts had complete neurological recovery likely due to concomitant hypothermia. There is a steady decreasing rate of ROSC with longer durations of CPR so that outcomes are best when <20 minutes compared to prolonged resuscitation efforts (>30-40 minutes). It has been previously recognized that hypothermia prior to cardiac arrest can be neurologically protective even with up to 9 hours of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Hypothermia has been associated with DKA and although often indicates sepsis with mortality rates of 30-60%, it may indeed be protective if occurring prior to cardiac arrest. The critical factor for neuroprotection may be a slow drop to a temperature <25⁰C prior to OHCA as is achieved in deep hypothermic circulatory arrest for operative procedures of the aortic arch and great vessels. It may be worthwhile continuing aggressive resuscitation efforts even for prolonged periods before attaining ROSC for OHCA in patients found hypothermic from metabolic illnesses as compared to only from environmental exposures (avalanche victims, cold water submersions, etc.) as has been traditionally reported in the medical literature.
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