Lorena Elena Melit1, Oana Marginean1, Tudor Fleșeriu2, Alina Negrea3, Maria Oana Săsăran4, Simina Ghiraghosian-Rusu4, Andrei Călin Dragomir5, Mirela Oiaga6, Carmen Șuteu7
1. Discipline of Pediatrics I, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Targu Mures, Romania 2. Discipline of Infectious Disease I, Mures County Hospital, Targu Mures, Romania 3. Pediatrics Clinic, Emergency County Hospital Targu-Mures, Romania 4. Discipline of Pediatrics III, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Targu Mures, Romania 5. George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Targu Mures, Romania 6. Emergency County Hospital Targu Mures, Romania 7. Pediatrics Cardiology Clinic, Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases Targu Mures, Romania
Introduction: Pediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with COVID-19 (PIMS-TS) is a rare life-threatening condition requiring a complex management and multidisciplinary approach, whose outcome depends on the early diagnosis. Case report: We report the case of a 2 years and-5-month-old boy admitted in our clinic for fever, abdominal pain and diarrhea. The clinical exam at the time of admission revealed influenced gen-eral status, bilateral palpebral edema and conjunctivitis, mucocutaneous signs of dehydration, and abdominal tenderness at palpation. The laboratory tests performed pointed out lymphopenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia, elevated C-reactive protein – CRP, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and ferritin levels, hyponatremia, hypopotassemia, hypertriglyceridemia, elevated D-dimer, in-creased troponin and NT-proBNP. The real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test for SARS-CoV-2 infection was negative, but the serology was positive. Thus, established the diagnosis of PIMS-TS. We initiated intravenous immunoglobulin, empirical antibiotic, anticoagulation therapy and symptomatic drugs. Nevertheless, the clinical course and laboratory parameters worsened, and the 2nd echocardiography pointed out minimal pericardial effusion, slight dilation of the left cavities, dyskinesia of the inferior and septal basal segments of the left ventricle (LV), and LV systolic dysfunction. Therefore, we associated intravenous methylprednisolone, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, spironolactone and hydrochlorothiazide, with outstanding favorable evolution. Conclusions: Echocardiographic monitoring might be a lifesaving diagnostic tool in the management of PIMS-TS.
Amalia Făgărășan, Hamida Al Hussein, Simina Elena Ghiragosian Rusu
George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Targu Mures, Romania
Introduction: Noonan syndrome (NS) is a dominant autosomal disease, caused by mutations in genes involved in cell differentiation, growth and senescence, one of them being RAF1 mutation. Congenital heart disease may influence the prognosis of the disease. Case presentation: We report a case of an 18 month-old female patient who presented to our institute at the age of 2 months when she was diagnosed with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, pulmonary infundibular and pulmonary valve stenosis, a small atrial septal defect and extrasystolic arrhythmia. She was born from healthy parents, a non-consanguineous marriage. Due to suggestive phenotype for NS molecular genetic testing for RASopathies was performed in a center abroad, establishing the presence of RAF-1 mutation. Following rapid progression of cardiac abnormalities, the surgical correction was performed at 14 months of age. In the early postoperative period, the patient developed episodes of sustained ventricular tachycardia with hemodynamic instability, for which associated treatment was instituted with successful conversion to sinus rhythm. At 3-month follow-up, the patient was hemodynamically stable in sinus rhythm. Conclusions: The presented case report certifies the importance of recognizing the genetic mutation in patients with NS, which allows predicting the severity of cardiac abnormalities and therefore establishing a proper therapeutic management of these patients.
Iulia Armean1, Carmen Duicu2, Cornel Aldea3, Lorena Melit1
1 Pediatric Clinic No 1, County Emergency Clinical Hospital, Tirgu Mures, Romania
2 1st Department of Pediatrics, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tirgu Mureș, Romania
3 2nd Pediatric Clinic, Clinical Emergency Hospital for Children, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Introduction: Venous thromboembolism is a rare condition in paediatrics that included both deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Serratia marcescens is a gram-negative bacterium that belongs to the Enterobacteriaceae family and tends to affect immunocompromised hosts.
Case report: We report the case of an 11-year-old boy, admitted in the Pediatric Clinic I from Emergency County Hospital Tîrgu Mureș, Romania with intense pain, swelling, cyanosis and claudication of the left foot. His personal history revealed a recent appendectomy. A close family was reported to have had a deep venous thrombosis. The laboratory tests, performed on the day of admission, revealed increased inflammatory biomarkers and D-dimer. Coagulation tests gave a low activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT). Doppler venous ultrasound and CT-exam established a diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis. Anticoagulant therapy was initiated, but on the tenth day of admission, the patient developed signs and symptoms of sepsis, and the blood culture revealed Serratia marcescens. After antibiotic and anticoagulant therapy, the patient progressed favourably. The patient was a carrier of the heterozygous form of Factor V Leiden.
Conclusions: The association between deep venous thrombosis and Serratia marcescens sepsis can compromise a condition in pediatric patients.
Ioana Raluca Chirteș1, Cristina Oana Mărginean2,4, Horea Gozar3,4, Anca Meda Georgescu1,4, Lorena Elena Meliț2,4
1 Infectious Diseases Clinic 1 Tg. Mureș, Romania
2 Paediatrics Clinic 1 Tg. Mureș, Romania
3 Paediatric Surgery and Orthopedics Clinic Tg. Mureș, Romania
4 University of Medicine and Pharmacy Tg. Mureș, Romania
Pulmonary abscess or lung abscess is a lung infection which destroys the lung parenchyma leading to cavitations and central necrosis in localised areas formed by thick-walled purulent material. It can be primary or secondary. Lung abscesses can occur at any age, but it seems that paediatric pulmonary abscess morbidity is lower than in adults. We present the case of a one year and 5-month-old male child admitted to our clinic for fever, loss of appetite and an overall altered general status. Laboratory tests revealed elevated inflammatory biomarkers, leukocytosis with neutrophilia, anaemia, thrombocytosis, low serum iron concentration and increased lactate dehydrogenase level. Despite wide-spectrum antibiotic therapy, the patient’s progress remained poor after seven days of treatment and a CT scan established the diagnosis of a large lung abscess. Despite changing the antibiotic therapy, surgical intervention was eventually needed. There was a slow but steady improvement and eventually, the patient was discharged after approximately five weeks.
Alina Grama1, Oana Cristina Mărginean1*, Lorena Elena Meliț1, Anca Meda Georgescu2
1 Pediatrics I Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Târgu-Mureș, Romania
2 Infectious Diseases Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Târgu-Mureș, Romania
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) is the medical term used to define a skin condition induced by the exfoliative toxins produced by Staphylococcus aureus. The disorder is also known as Ritter disease, bullous impetigo, neonatal pemphigus, or staphylococcal scarlet fever. The disease especially affects infants and small children, but has also been described in adults. Prompt therapy with proper antibiotics and supportive treatment has led to a decrease in the mortality rate.
The current case report describes the clinical progress of a patient with generalized erythema and fever, followed by the appearance of bullous lesions with tendency to rupture under the smallest pressure, and with extended areas of denudation.
The patient aged four years and six months was admitted to our clinic to establish the aetiology and treatment of a generalized bullous exanthema, followed by a skin denudation associated with fever and impaired general status.
Based on clinical and paraclinical examinations a diagnosis of Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome was established which responded favourably to antibiotic treatment, hydro-electrolytic re-equilibration, and adequate local hygiene.
Staphylococcal infection can represent a problem of significant pathological importance sometimes requiring a multidisciplinary approach involving paediatricians, dermatologists, infectious diseases specialists, and plastic surgeons.
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